Tiernan, R. Kent. “Walsingham’s Entrapment of Mary Stuart: The Modern Perspective of a Deception Analyst/Planner.” American Intelligence Journal, vol. 34, no. 1, 2017, pp. 146–156. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/26497131. Accessed 20 Nov. 2020. Tom Rutter – Rutter, Tom. The Cambridge Introduction to
There is much speculation about Marlowe’s involvement with Queen Elizabeth’s government. Many scholars theorize that Marlowe was a spy working under the disguise of a young university student. If the rumors are true, Sir Francies Walsingham would have recruited Marlowe
Tom Rutter – Rutter, Tom. The Cambridge Introduction to Christopher Marlowe. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2012. Marlowe, Christopher. “The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Tragical History of Dr. Faustus, by Christoper Marlowe.” Project Gutenberg, 3 Nov. 2009, www.gutenberg.org/files/779/779-h/779-h.htm. Marlowe, Christopher.
“Marlowe’s Life.” The Marlowe Society, www.marlowe-society.org/christopher-marlowe/life/.
Dickson, Andrew. “Christopher Marlowe: the Man, the Myth and the Mighty Line.” The British Library, 31 Mar. 2017, www.bl.uk/shakespeare/articles/christopher-marlowe-the-man-the-myth-and-the-mighty-line.
Christopher Marlowe (Christened 1564 – Died 30 May 1593), known to friends by his nickname Kit, was an English playwright and poet who lived a short life ridden with scandal and brilliance. Marlowe was the eldest son of a local
The documentation surrounding Marlowe’s death does not rule out murder. Marlowe’s rumored work as a spy for Elizabeth likely meant he had sensitive information that may have jeopardized one of the men present, or their employer. Killing Marlowe efficiently erases
Nestled next to the River Cam, the Cambridge University of medieval England was a completely different institution than today. In its earliest days, the University had no private premises; it used community churches such as Great St. Mary’s and St.
McCabe, Richard A. “Elizabethan Satire and the Bishops’ Ban of 1599.” The Yearbook of English Studies, vol. 11, Special Number, 1981, pp. 188-193, JSTOR, doi: 10.2307/3506267, www.jstor.org/stable/3506267?seq=1.
In Fall 2018, Ian F. MacInnes of the Arts and Humanities Division of the Council on Undergraduate Research interviewed Project Founder, Kristen Abbott Bennett. Please click here to read the full article! Return to About The Kit Marlowe Project is
The Kit Marlowe Project is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
After looking at all the different study guides, we’ve concluded that these guides are not helpful for understanding character analysis. Many leave out helpful information that students need to fully understand the specific character in any meaningful way, and they
Online study guides are beneficial tools for those wanting general background knowledge about a literary work, but they fail to provide nuanced analysis. While using online study guides can provide superficial knowledge and analysis, one must have a “buyer beware”
Step into the world of Henry VI, Part One with our interactive quiz! Test your knowledge with character quotes, vocabulary, figuring out the descendants of Edward III, and fun facts! Bring the War of the Roses to life! Are you
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Nikita Milivojević’s stage adaptation, translated from Serbian to English by Zoran Paunović, and part of the 2012 Globe to Globe Festival, was performed by the National Theatre in Association with Laza Kostic Fund, from Belgrade, Serbia. Starring Hadzi Nenad Maricic
Jane Howell’s (Screenplay, Class Act) adaptation of William Shakespeare’s Henry VI, Part I, stars Peter Benson (Heartbeat) as the titular King Henry VI, Brenda Blethyn (Pride & Prejudice) as Joan La Pucelle, and Julia Foster (The Loneliness of the Long
Director Nick Bagnall’s intense adaptation of Shakespeare’s Henry VI Part I is a fast-paced performance with plenty of sword fights, a young king, and a captivating martyr. The show stars Graham Butler as the naïve and quiet King Henry VI,
Click on the image below to read Henry VI, Part One on the Folger Digital Texts interface. This text has been transcribed, edited, and encoded; it is fully searchable in either original or modernized spellings. Return to Works
Much has been going on behind-the-scenes at The Kit Marlowe Project this Fall, but we’re excited about the progress we’re making! Because I (Project Director) left Stonehill College in August to accept a Visiting Assistant Professor position at Framingham State
Please note that all of the foregoing teaching resources have been authored and should be cited accordingly. The Kit Marlowe Project by Kristen Abbott Bennett is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Click on the following tiles to select digitized editions of Marlowe’s Faustus:
Joining students in metacognitive reflection The issue of open access is quite possibly my biggest takeaway of this course..Information is something that shouldn’t be limited. Making knowledge accessible to all is so important and interesting from an ethical perspective.
Why Kit Marlowe now? Christopher (aka Kit) Marlowe was born in 1564 and died dramatically in 1593. He was one of William Shakespeare’s most interesting contemporaries; they surely exchanged ideas around the playhouses and taverns. Marlowe was also close with
There is only one extant copy remaining of following anonymously written verse adaptation of Marlowe’s Doctor Faustus in the British Library. This text was reprinted by an anonymous publisher in 1696 from a 1664 edition also featured in this Mini-Archive. Students in
There is only one extant copy remaining of following anonymously written The history of Doctor John Faustus compiled in verse, very pleasant and Delightful in the British Library. This text appears to have been at least somewhat popular as it was
To develop this map, we used Pelagios Commons’s Recogito tool, which is a beta program. We converted the EEBO-TCP’s 1604 version of Doctor Faustus into a text file and uploaded it into Recogito. The interface automatically highlighted what appeared to be place names
Here one may link to a digitized edition of Richard Jones’s 1605 publication of Tamburlaine the Great, Part 1 written by Christopher Marlowe and edited by Alexander Dyce. Jones took the two parts of Tamburlaine the Great and printed them together, omitting gestures.
Taylor Long Professor Bennett LC 347-A 20 February 2017 Unit 1: Dangerous Knowledge Discoveries The Dangerous Knowledge unit introduced the class to the digital humanities, a growing field with a need for expansion. The Kit Marlowe Project will create an
Metacognitive Essay #1 A Rogue’s Process Justin M. Boure Professor Bennett A Metacognitive Salute to Marlowe & Co. The bibliography editing activities made me reconsider how tedious, yet, important it is to ensure that citations are up to date with
The Fall 2017 “Rogues” worked collaboratively in the same groups throughout the semester. The team names reflect the web exhibits that each group researched, designed, and posted here; they worked in the same groups to encode both Francis Meres’s Wit’s Treasury and
Image Credits KMP Home Page Mini-Archive tile: Photograph by Kathryn Joy (Stonehill ’17) Works tile: Christopher Marlowe, The Massacre at Paris (fragment). c. 1590. LUNA: Folger Digital Image Collection, v.b.8, luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/detail/FOLGERCM1~6~6~930091~163116:The-massacre-at-Paris–fragment—m?sort=call_number%2Cmpsortorder1%2Ccd_title%2Cimprint&qvq=q:j.b.8;sort:call_number%2Cmpsortorder1%2Ccd_title%2Cimprint;lc:FOLGERCM1~6~6&mi=0&trs=2. Accessed 6 March 2018. Family Tree, Social Networks, Conspiracy Theories, Espionage, Game, and
Here one may link to a digitized edition of Edward White’s 1605 publication of Tamburlaine the Great, Part 1 written by Christopher Marlowe. This text has been generated through digital photos taken of the Boston Public Library’s copy from the Thomas
Here one may link to the digital anthology of Early Modern English Drama edited edition of the 1594 Massacre at Paris which includes the Death of the Duke of Guise written by Christopher Marlowe. This edition features original and modernized
This edition of The Jew of Malta is a Project Gutenberg transcription of Alexander Dyce’s 1850 edition of the play. It was first released online on July 26, 2008 and updated on January 15, 2013. Click on the image to link
Here one may link to the EEBO-TCP’s transcribed edition of the 1594 edition of Dido, Queen of Carthage written by Christopher Marlowe and Thomas Nashe. The text has been generated from the microfilm facsimile versions of the play available through the Early English Books
This version edited by Reverend Alexander Dyce and published on November 3, 2009. It is an example of the A text, and was produced by Gary Young and David Widger. Dyce was a Scottish dramatic editor and literary historian who
Here one may link to Early Modern English Drama’s (Folger Shakespeare Library) edited edition of the 1594 Dido, Queen of Carthage written by Christopher Marlowe and Thomas Nashe. This edition features original and modernized spelling reading versions, plus downloadable PDFs or XML files.
Return to “Hero and Leander” Return to Works
Return to “Hero and Leander” Return to Works
BBC Editor. “Christopher Marlowe Credited as Shakespeare’s Co-writer.” BBC News, 24 Oct. 2016, bbc.com.
“The Magician, the Heretic, and the Playwright.” The Norton Anthology of English Literature, 2010, wwnorton.com.
“Welcome to The Marlowe Society.” The Marlowe Society, 2002, marlowe-society.org.
Wernham, Richard Bruce. Christopher Marlowe at Flushing in 1592, The English Historical Review,Volume 91, Issue 359, 1 April 1976, Pages 344–345, doi.org/10.1093/ehr/XCI.CCCLIX.344. Accessed 12 Oct. 2017.
Smith, Nicole. “Atheism in Doctor Faustus by Christopher Marlowe.” Article Myriad, 6 Dec. 2011, articlemyriad.com.
Hilsman, Hoyt, “Anonymous and the Marlowe Conspiracy.” Huffington Post. Cultural Weekly, 27, Oct, 2011. www.huffingtonpost.com.
Hersher, Rebecca. “Christopher Marlowe Officially Credited As Co-Author Of 3 Shakespeare Plays.” National Public Radio, 24, Oct, 2016, npr.org.
Briscoe, Alexandra. “Elizabeth’s Spy Network,” BBC News, 2014, bbc.co.uk.
Barber, Ros. “Did Christopher Marlowe Fake His Death?” Huffington Post, 6 Apr. 2014, huffingtonpost.com. Barber, Ros. “Shakespeare Authorship Doubt in 1593.” Critical Survey, vol. 21, no. 2, 2009, pp. 83–110. JSTOR, jstor.org/stable/41556314.
Dido, Queen of Carthage Marlowe, Christopher and Thomas Nashe. The Tragedie of Dido Queene of Carthage. Edited by Meaghan Brown, Michael Poston, and Elizabeth Williamson. A Digital Anthology of Early Modern English Drama, Folger Shakespeare Library, emed.folger.edu. Marlowe, Christopher and Thomas Nashe. The Tragedie of Dido Queene of Carthage. Folger Shakespeare Library, LUNA: Folger
Foster, Brett. “Reviewed Work: A Christopher Marlowe Chronology by Lisa Hopkins.” The Sixteenth Century Journal, vol. 39, no. 4, 2008, pp. 1198–1199. JSTOR, jstor.org/stable/20479198.
Jack, Alex. “Literary Similarities Between Marlowe and Shakespeare.” The Marlowe Studies, 2009, themarlowestudies.org.
Flynn, Derek. “Christopher Marlowe: the Elizabethan James Bond.” Irish Times, 6 June, 2016, irishtimes.com.
“Christopher Marlowe.” Encyclopedia of World Biography: Biography in Context. Gale, 1998. Gale in Context, go.gale.com. – The British Library, 17 May 2020, www.bl.uk/people/christopher-marlowe. – “What (Little) We Know.” PBS: Frontline, Public Broadcasting Service, 17 May 2020, www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/muchado/fine/bios.html. – Biography.com, A&E Networks Television, 26 June
“Christopher Marlowe killed in tavern brawl.” History.com, 2009. A&E Networks. history.com/this-day-in-history.
Dugdale, John. “How close were Marlowe and Shakespeare?” The Guardian, 28 October, 2016. theguardian.com.
Vlasich, Brooke. “The Controversy of Shakespeare and Marlowe.” Utah Shakespeare Festival, 2017. bard.org.
Conradt, Stacey. “The Mysterious Death of Christopher Marlowe.” Mental Floss, 2016, mentalfloss.com.
Honan, Park. “Who Killed Christopher Marlowe?” The Telegraph, 21 Oct 2005, telegraph.co.uk. Honan, Park. Christopher Marlowe: Poet & Spy. Oxford University Press, 2005.
York, Erin. “Marlovian Theory, Venus and Adonis, and the Shakespeare Authorship Question.” Lucerna, vol.1, no. 1, 2011, pp. 123-131. MOspace, hdl.handle.net/10355/44911.
Garrett, George. “Who Killed Christopher Marlowe?” New York Times, 16 September 1990. nytimes.com.
Licence, Amy. “Christopher Marlowe’s Family and the Birth of Modern English Midwifery in Elizabethan Canterbury.” hist story, her story, 2013, authorherstorianparent.blogspot.com.
William Bradley (c. 1563-1589) was the son of William Bradley, Sr. and was raised on the corner of High Holborn and Gray’s Inn Lane. Bradley was frequently in trouble; his most famous fight involved Christopher Marlowe and Thomas Watson on
Sir Walter Raleigh (1552/1554-1618) was a member of the landed gentry, who also served as a soldier and Captain of the Queen’s Guard. Known for popularizing tobacco in England, Raleigh was also a scholar, poet, musician, courtier, and explorer. He
Sir Thomas Walsingham (1561-1630) was an important landowner and literary patron. Ingram Frizer was employed by Walsingham, at Scadbury Manor before he killed Christopher Marlowe. Walsingham may have allowed Marlowe to live at one of the many houses he inherited.
Thomas Nashe (1567-1600/1) was a satirical Elizabethan writer of poetry, pamphlets, and dramatic works. Nashe joined St. John’s College of Cambridge University at 14 and received his BA in 1588. Nashe’s career would take a turn when the established church
Richard Topcliffe served Queen Elizabeth as an interrogator in 1557 at the Tower of London and Bridewell Prison. Bridewell is presumed to be where Topcliffe interrogated Thomas Kyd. He was considered a merciless persecutor of Catholics. It is stated that “no blot
Thomas Watson (1555/1557-1592) was an English poet and author of The Hekatompathia, or Passionate Century of Love. Watson and Christopher Marlowe were arrested and incarcerated at Newgate Prison for the murder of William Bradley. Marlowe was released after two weeks,
Loughnane, Rory. “Marlowe, Not Shakespeare – So What?” OUPblog, 4 Nov. 2016, blog.oup.com.
Despite scarce information surrounding Richard Baines’ early life, he graduated from Cambridge University in 1576 and became an Elizabethan intelligencer. Given his profession, he most likely frequented the Tower of London and reported to Sir Francis Walsingham. Starting in 1579,
Robert Greene (1558-1592) was a popular English pamphleteer and dramatist. He was baptized in Norwich on July 11th, 1558. Greene matriculated as a sizar at St. John’s, Cambridge where he received his BA. Later, he received his MA at Clare
Sawyer, Robert. “Biographical Aftershocks: Shakespeare and Marlowe in the Wake of 9/11.” Critical Survey, vol. 25, no. 1, 2013, pp. 19-32. JSTOR, jstor.org/stable/42751017. Sawyer, Robert. “Shakespeare and Marlowe: Re-Writing the Relationship.” Critical Survey, vol. 21, no. 3, 2009, pp. 41-58. JSTOR, jstor.org/stable/41556327.
Hrala, Josh. “Christopher Marlowe Has Officially Been Credited as Co-Author of 3 Shakespeare Plays.” Science Alert, 2016, sciencealert.com.
Philip Henslowe was the owner of a few prominent playhouses and a financial keeper for some of the best acting companies in England. He was born in 1550 in Linfield, Sussex, and died on January 6, 1616 in London. Henslowe
Craig, Hugh. “Ignore the doubters: here’s why Christopher Marlowe co-wrote Shakespeare’s Henry VI.” The Conversation, 9 Nov. 2016, theconversation.com.
Ribner, Irving. “Marlowe and Shakespeare.” Shakespeare Quarterly, vol. 15, no. 2, Spring 1964, pp. 41–53. JSTOR, jstor.org/stable/2867874.
Thomas Harriot (1560-1621) was an English scientist who made terrific advances in various branches of mathematics such as astronomy and navigation. He studied at Cambridge and is reputed to be the first person to look at an astronomical body through
Nicholas Skeres (March 1563 – c.1601) was a con-man and government informant. Skeres worked as a servant for Thomas Walsingham. He was a government provocateur and a part of discovering the Babington Plot, working as a spy with Francis Walsingham.
Ingram Frizer (1561-1627) is known for the murder of Christopher Marlowe, in an act done by the English Secret Service. Ingram Frizer was supposedly born in Kingsclere, Hampshire. Before Marlowe’s death, he was known as a dishonest businessman in real
Francis Walsingham (1532-1590) was Queen Elizabeth I’s principal secretary and spymaster. He attended King’s College in Cambridge and continued his studies in France and Italy. As a Member of Parliament for Lyme Regis, Dorset, Walsingham worked with William Cecil and
George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon (1547- Sept. 9, 1602) was the second cousin of Queen Elizabeth I, Lord Chamberlain of the Royal Household, and a patron of the Lord Chamberlain’s Men for Shakespeare. George Carey was the oldest son of
Edward “Ned” Alleyn (1566-1626) was an early modern London actor and founder of Dulwich College. He was known for his physical size and ability to handle commanding parts. Born in 1566, he was characterized as a “bred a Stage-player” and
Anthony Babington (1561-1586) was an English conspirator famous for being the leader of a plot to murder Queen Elizabeth, known afterwards as “The Babington Plot.” He was born October of 1561 and secretly raised a Roman Catholic. He went on
“Christopher Marlowe.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, inc., August 2017, www.britannica.com/biography/Christopher-Marlowe. Accessed 9 October 2017.
Reid, Lindsay A. “The Spectre of the School of Night: Former Scholarly Fictions and the Stuff of Academic Fiction.” Early Modern Literary Studies, 2014, pp. 1-31. ProQuest, search.proquest.com.
Kuriyama, Constance Brown. Christopher Marlowe: A Renaissance life. Cornell UP, 2002. Kuriyama, Constance Brown. “Second Selves: Marlowe’s Cambridge and London Friendships.” Medieval & Renaissance Drama in England, vol. 14, 2001, pp. 86-104. JSTOR, jstor.org/stable/24322989.
Ireland, Gordon. “Ingram Frizer Laid More Low than Marlowe.” The Shakespeare Association Bulletin, vol. 5, no. 4, 1930, pp. 192–195, JSTOR, jstor.org/stable/23676147.
“Marlowe: What (Little) We Know.” Public Brodcasting System, www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/muchado/fine/bios.html. Accessed 28 Sept. 2017.
Jokinen, Anniina. “The Life of Thomas Nashe.” Luminarium, luminarium.org. — “Christopher Marlowe.” Luminarium, luminarium.org. — “The Life of Samuel Daniel.” Luminarium, luminarium.org. — “The Life of George Peele (1558-1598).” Luminarium, www.luminarium.org/renlit/peelebio.htm.
“Fencing History and Tales.” Destreza Translation and Research Project, destreza.us.
Phialas, Peter G. “Middleton’s Early Contact with the Law.” Studies in Philology, vol. 52, no. 2, 1955, pp. 186-194. JSTOR, jstor.org/stable/4173130.
Younger, Neil. “Robert Peake (c1551—1619) and the Babington Plot.” The British Art Journal, vol. 14, no. 2, 2013, pp. 65–67. JSTOR, jstor.org/stable/43492091.
“Marlowe’s Lives.” Michigan Quarterly Review, hdl.handle.net/2027/spo.act2080.0042.306. Accessed 28 September 2017.
“The Bradley Affray.” The Marlowe Studies, themarlowestudies.org/wraight_bradley_duel.html. Accessed 28 September 2017.
Hammer, Paul E.J. “A Reckoning Reframed: The ‘Murder’ of Christopher Marlowe Revisited.” English Literary Renaissance, vol. 26, no. 2, 1996, pp. 225-242, journals.uchicago.edu.
Wilson, Richard. “Visible Bullets: Tamburlaine the Great and Ivan the Terrible.” ELH, vol. 62, no. 1, 1995, pp. 47–68. JSTOR, jstor.org/stable/30030260.
Cheney, Patrick. The Cambridge Companion to Christopher Marlowe. Cambridge University Press, 2004, doi.org/10.1017/CCOL0521820340.
Erne, Lukas. “Biography, Mythography, and Criticism: The Life and Works of Christopher Marlowe.“ Modern Philology, vol. 103, no. 1, August 2005, pp. 28-50. doi.org/10.1086/499177.
Tucker, Kenneth. “Dead Men in Deptford: Recent Lives and Deaths of Christopher Marlowe,” Research Opportunities in Renaissance Drama, vol. 34, 1995, pp. 111-124.
Trow, M.J. “Who killed Kit Marlowe?: A Contract to Murder in Elizabethan England.” The History Press, 2002.
Furdell, Elizabeth. “The Death of Christopher Marlowe.” Sixteenth Century Journal: Journal of Early Modern Studies, vol. 27, no. 2, 1996, pp. 477-482. JSTOR, jstor.org/stable/2544145.
Charter to Sir Walter Raleigh. “Charter to Sir Walter Raleigh.” 24 March 1584. The Avalon Project: Documents in Law, History, and Diplomacy, avalon.law.yale.edu.
Hughes, Stephanie Hopkins. “The great reckoning: who killed Christopher Marlowe and why?” The Oxfordian, vol. 18, 2016, pp. 101-32. Academic OneFile, shakespeareoxfordfellowship.org.
Wernham, R.B. “Christopher Marlowe at Flushing in 1592.” The English Historical Review, vol.91, no. 359, 1976, pp. 344-345. The English Historical Review, doi.org/10.1093/ehr/XCI.CCCLIX.344.
Hopkins, Lisa. “Christopher Marlowe and the Succession to the English Crown.” The Yearbook of English Studies, vol. 38, no. 1/2, 2008, pp. 183–198. JSTOR, jstor.org/stable/20479329. Hopkins, Lisa. A Christopher Marlowe Chronology. Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.
Daniel, Samuel. The Collection of the Historie of England. Daniel, Samuel, 1562-1619. The Collection of the Historie of England. Delmar, N.Y., Scholars’ Facsimiles & Reprints, 1986. Hathi Trust, catalog.hathitrust.org. Daniel, Samuel. “Samuel Daniel, 1562 – 1619.” Poetry Foundation, poetryfoundation.org.
Gray, Austin K. “Some Observations on Christopher Marlowe, Government Agent.” PMLA, vol. 43, no. 3, 1928, pp. 682–700. JSTOR, jstor.org/stable/457494.
Riggs, David. The World of Christopher Marlowe. Henry Holt and Co., 2004.
Cerasano, Susan P. “Philip Henslowe, Simon Forman, and the Theatrical Community of the 1950s.” Shakespeare Quarterly, Vol. 44, No. 2, 1993, pp. 145-158. JSTOR, jstor.org/stable/2871136. Cerasano, Susan P. “Henslowe’s ‘Curious’ Diary.” Medieval & Renaissance Drama in England. Vol. 17, 2005,
“Accusations against Christopher Marlowe by Richard Baines and others.” British Library, Harley MS 6848, www.bl.uk/collection-items/accusations-against-christopher-marlowe-by-richard-baines-and-others. Page features facsimile image of holograph note, plus transcription and commentary.
Eccles, Mark. “Chapman’s Early Years.” Studies in Philology, vol. 43, no. 2, April, 1946, pp. 176–193. JSTOR, jstor.org/stable/4172754. —. “Jonson and the Spies.” The Review of English Studies, vol. 13, no. 52, Oct. 1937, pp. 385-397. JSTOR, jstor.org/stable/509598. —. “Samuel
Alhiyari, Ibrahim. Thomas Watson: New Biographical Evidence and His Translation of Antigone. Dissertation, Texas Tech University, 2006. Texas Tech University Libraries, hdl.handle.net/2346/8391.
Richard Cholmeley (1460-1521) , an English soldier and farmer, served as the Lieutenant of the Tower of London under the reign of King Henry VIII. Born in Chorley, England into a wealthy family of sheep farmers and landowners, he later moved to East Yorkshire. In 1497 He was knitted soldier and served in the
William Bradley William Bradley (cerca 1563-1589) was well known for being a thug who had several vicious encounters. William Bradley spent most of his time in London around Hog Lane, which was also the place of his death. Bradley’s father’s name was William Bradley Sr, and raised Bradley on the
Thomas Harriot Part 1: Thomas Harriot (1560-1621) was an English scientist who had made advances in various branches of mathematics such as astronomy and navigation. Part 2: Thomas Harriot was a noteworthy English scientist who many had regarded as the
Samuel Daniel Samuel Daniel (1562-1619) was an English poet, historian, and playwright. Daniel‘s known associates were Shakespeare, Edmund Spenser, and Walter Raleigh. Born in 1562, he studied at Oxford University, leaving after three years to study poetry and philosophy, and became a servant of the English ambassador of France. The Countess of Pembroke, Mary Sidney, first taught him
Robert Poley (Pooley) Robert Poley spied for the Elizabethan government, carried messages, and played a key role in the Babington Plot. Robert Poley worked as a messenger and spy for the British Government, under the employ of Sir Robert Cecil and Sir Francis Walsingham. He was present for
William Shakespeare (1564-1616) Although not a “Londoner,” Shakespeare spent most of his adult life there writing and performing plays, socializing in the same literary circle as Christopher Marlowe and other University Wits. After Shakespeare left Stratford-upon-Avon to pursue his professional
Nicholas Skeres Nicholas Skeres (March 1563 – c.1601), was a con-man and government informant. Nicholas Skeres came from a wealthy family, as his father was a member of The Guild of Merchant Taylors. He worked as a servant for Thomas Walsingham. He was a government provocateur and a part
Richard Topcliffe (1531-1604) was an interrogator at the Tower of London. Born on November 14, 1531 in Londonshire, Topcliffe lost both his parents by age 12. Later, he was orphaned by his uncle. According to records, Topcliffe served Queen Elizabeth in 1557 at the Tower of London or Bridewell Prison (Bindoff). Bridewell is presumed where Topcliffe interrogated Kit Marlowe’s roommate, Thomas Kyd. While
Thomas Kyd (1558-1594) was an influential Elizabethan playwright whose most famous plays include The Spanish Tragedy and The Tragedy of Soliman and Perseda. His parents were Anna and Francis Kyd; he was baptized at Saint Mary Woolnoth church in London on November 6, 1558. His father was a member of London’s Company of
Thomas Drury (1551-1603), a government informant, accused Marlowe of atheism. Thomas Drury worked for Sir Nicholas Bacon as a government informant and messenger. Drury attended Caius College, but didn’t earn a degree. He was arrested in 1585 for no documented reason. The length of his
Thomas Nashe Thomas Nashe (1567-1601) was a satirical Elizabethan writer of poetry, pamphlets, and dramatic works. Nashe was born to William and Margaret Nashe in Lowestoft, England in November 1567. His father joined the church of West Harling when Nashe was
Edward Alleyn Edward Alleyn (1566-1626) was an actor in early London who founded of Dulwich College. He was known for his physical size and handle of commanding parts. Born in 1566, he was characterized as a “bred a Stage-player” even though that his family was not focused
Sir Thomas Walsingham Sir Thomas Walsingham (1561-1630) was an important landowner, and financed Thomas Watson, Thomas Nash and Christopher Marlowe as their literary patron. Ingram Frizer was employed by Walsingham, at Scadbury Manor, in a business venture that advanced money to needy heirs against their own inheritance, before he killed Christopher Marlowe. Walsingham may have allowed Marlowe live at one of the many houses he
George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon (1547- Sept. 9, 1602) was the second cousin of Queen Elizabeth I, Lord Chamberlain of the Royal Household and a patron of the Lord Chamberlain’s Men for Shakespeare. George Carey was the oldest son of Henry
Robert Greene Robert Greene (1558-1592) was a popular English pamphleteer and dramatist. Most famously known for a pamphlet attributed to him, Greene’s Groats-Worth of Wit, which is believed to critique William Shakespeare. Greene was known for his negative critiques of his
Phillip Henslowe Philip Henslowe was the owner of a few prominent playhouses and a financial keeper for some of the best acting companies in England. He was born in 1550 in Linfield, Sussex, England and died on January 6, 1616 in London. Henslowe was also well known
Thomas Watson Thomas Watson was an English poet and author of Hekatompathia, a collection of sonnets published in 1582. Many scholars, including Ibrahim Alhiyari, believe he was born between 1555 and 1557 and died on September 26th, 1592. Watson and his friend Christopher Marlowe were