DRAFT – More coming soon! In 16th century England, proclamations were circulated to make the public aware of evolving laws and rules surrounding everything from trade, laws about what one could wear (sumptuary laws), plague edicts, religious practices, as well
Bennett, Kristen Abbott and Andrew Jeromski. “’The Glory of Our Sexe’: Elizabeth I and Early Modern Women Writers.” Women Writers in Context, The Women Writers Project, Northeastern University, May 2020, wwp.northeastern.edu/context/#bennett.glory.xml.
King, John N. “Queen Elizabeth I: Representations of the Virgin Queen.” Renaissance Quarterly, vol. 43, no. 1, 1990, pp. 30–74, EBSCOhost, doi:10.2307/2861792.
Teague, Frances. “Introduction to Speeches by Queen Elizabeth I.” Women Writers Project, 2017, wwp.northeastern.edu/context/#teague.elizabeth.xml. — “A Biographical Sketch.” Women Writers Project, 2017, wwp.northeastern.edu/context/#teague.elizabeth.xml.
Bennett, Kristen Abbott. “The Preposterous Publication History of Elizabeth I’s ‘Golden Speech.’” Women Writers Project, 2019, wwp.northeastern.edu/blog/golden-speech/.
Yoder, R. A. “History and the Histories in Julius Caesar.” Shakespeare Quarterly, vol. 24, no. 3, 1973, pp. 309–327. JSTOR, doi:10.2307/2868355.
Thomas, Miranda Fay. “Political Acts and Political Acting: Roman Gesture and Julius Caesar.” Early Modern Literary Studies: A Journal of Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century English Literature, vol. 25, 2016. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com.fscproxy.framingham.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mzh&AN=2018140150&site=ehost-live.
Rollins, Lauren Leigh. “‘Republicans’ Behaving Badly: Anachronism, Monarchy, and the English Imperial Model in Julius Caesar and Antony and Cleopatra.” Medieval and Renaissance Drama in England: An Annual Gathering of Research, Criticism and Reviews, vol. 30, 2017, pp. 165–180. EBSCOhost,
Lovascio, Domenico. “Rewriting Julius Caesar as a National Villain in Early Modern English Drama.” English Literary Renaissance, vol. 47, no. 2, 2017, pp. 218–250. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1086/693892.
Chernaik, Warren. The Myth of Rome in Shakespeare and His Contemporaries. Cambridge University Press, 2011. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1017/CBO9780511921841.
Arnold, Oliver. The Third Citizen : Shakespeare’s Theater and the Early Modern House of Commons. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007. search.ebscohost.com.fscproxy.framingham.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mzh&AN=2007581099&site=ehost-live.
Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603) was born Elizabeth Tudor on September 7, 1533. She was the first daughter of King Henry VIII and only child of his second wife, Anne Boleyn. King Henry had her mother executed when Elizabeth was three
While Queen Elizabeth I ruled England, her person and government gave playwrights, pamphleteers, and others contributing to popular culture much fodder with which to debate the country’s ethics, religion, and politics. Of course, criticizing Queen and country was risky business. Rome
Barber, Ros. “Did Christopher Marlowe Fake His Death?” Huffington Post, 6 Apr. 2014, huffingtonpost.com. Barber, Ros. “Shakespeare Authorship Doubt in 1593.” Critical Survey, vol. 21, no. 2, 2009, pp. 83–110. JSTOR, jstor.org/stable/41556314.
Thomas Drury (1551-1603) was a government informant who accused Marlowe of atheism. Drury worked for Sir Nicholas Bacon as a government informant and messenger. Drury attended Caius College, but didn’t earn a degree. He was arrested in 1585 for no
Sir Walter Raleigh (1552/1554-1618) was a member of the landed gentry, who also served as a soldier and Captain of the Queen’s Guard. Known for popularizing tobacco in England, Raleigh was also a scholar, poet, musician, courtier, and explorer. He
Richard Topcliffe served Queen Elizabeth as an interrogator in 1557 at the Tower of London and Bridewell Prison. Bridewell is presumed to be where Topcliffe interrogated Thomas Kyd. He was considered a merciless persecutor of Catholics. It is stated that “no blot
Thomas Watson (1555/1557-1592) was an English poet and author of The Hekatompathia, or Passionate Century of Love. Watson and Christopher Marlowe were arrested and incarcerated at Newgate Prison for the murder of William Bradley. Marlowe was released after two weeks,
John Lyly (c. 1553/1554 – 1606) was an Elizabethan prose writer, dramatist, poet, and courtier. Lyly attended King’s School in Canterbury, and Magdalen College at Oxford, earning his BA and MA. The first play he ever published was the prose
Francis Walsingham (1532-1590) was Queen Elizabeth I’s principal secretary and spymaster. He attended King’s College in Cambridge and continued his studies in France and Italy. As a Member of Parliament for Lyme Regis, Dorset, Walsingham worked with William Cecil and
George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon (1547- Sept. 9, 1602) was the second cousin of Queen Elizabeth I, Lord Chamberlain of the Royal Household, and a patron of the Lord Chamberlain’s Men for Shakespeare. George Carey was the oldest son of
Charter to Sir Walter Raleigh. “Charter to Sir Walter Raleigh.” 24 March 1584. The Avalon Project: Documents in Law, History, and Diplomacy, avalon.law.yale.edu.
Robert Poley (Pooley) Robert Poley spied for the Elizabethan government, carried messages, and played a key role in the Babington Plot. Robert Poley worked as a messenger and spy for the British Government, under the employ of Sir Robert Cecil and Sir Francis Walsingham. He was present for
John Lyly (c. 1553/1554 Kent, England – November 1606 London, England) was an Elizabethan prose writer, dramatist, playwright, poet, and politician for Queen Elizabeth’s court. John Lyly was an Elizabethan prose writer, dramatist, playwright, poet, and politician for Queen Elizabeth’s
Author: Mesiti, Matthew Editor: O’Brien, Sinead Index Name: Ralegh, Sir Walter Sir Walter Ralegh, Raleigh, Rawleigh, or Rawley, either born in 1552, or 1554, was a captivating soldier, scholar, poet, musician, courtier, explorer, colonizer, Captain of the Queen’s Guard,
Richard Topcliffe (1531-1604) was an interrogator at the Tower of London. Born on November 14, 1531 in Londonshire, Topcliffe lost both his parents by age 12. Later, he was orphaned by his uncle. According to records, Topcliffe served Queen Elizabeth in 1557 at the Tower of London or Bridewell Prison (Bindoff). Bridewell is presumed where Topcliffe interrogated Kit Marlowe’s roommate, Thomas Kyd. While
George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon (1547- Sept. 9, 1602) was the second cousin of Queen Elizabeth I, Lord Chamberlain of the Royal Household and a patron of the Lord Chamberlain’s Men for Shakespeare. George Carey was the oldest son of Henry
Thomas Watson Thomas Watson was an English poet and author of Hekatompathia, a collection of sonnets published in 1582. Many scholars, including Ibrahim Alhiyari, believe he was born between 1555 and 1557 and died on September 26th, 1592. Watson and his friend Christopher Marlowe were