This transcribed, encoded, and edited edition of Edward II has been made available by The Folger’s Digital Anthology of Early Modern English Drama. It follows the 1594 edition first printed by Robert Robinson for William Jones. Return to Edward II Return to Works
Here one may link to a digitized edition of Richard Jones’s 1605 publication of Tamburlaine the Great, Part 1 written by Christopher Marlowe and edited by Alexander Dyce. Jones took the two parts of Tamburlaine the Great and printed them together, omitting gestures.
This edition of Marlowe’s Tamburlaine the Great, The Second Part was edited and modernized by Alexander Dyce in 1850. It was later transcribed and published on Project Gutenberg in 2008. Return to Tamburlaine the Great, Part Two Return to Works
This documentary edition of Tamburlaine The Great, Part 2 is from The Folger’s Digital Anthology of Early Modern English Drama. The play was first performed in 1587 by the Admiral’s Men in London and this edition follows the one published
This 1950 Everyman’s Library edition of The Second Part of Tamburlaine the Great was originally edited by Ernest Rhys. Stephanie Bear later prepared the edition for republication on the Renascence Editions website. This edition is fully downloadable and features modernized spelling. Return to Tamburlaine the Great, Part Two Return to Works
This transcribed Project Gutenberg edition of Edward II was first printed in London by Richard Bradocke in 1598. According to the ESTC, several copies remain in Britain and North America. Return to Edward II Return to Works
The Famous Tragedy of the Rich Jew of Malta was published in 1633 in London by I.B. for Nicholas Vavasour. The play was first performed in 1589 by Lord Strange’s Men. Click on the image below to link to Early Modern
This edition of The Jew of Malta is a Project Gutenberg transcription of Alexander Dyce’s 1850 edition of the play. It was first released online on July 26, 2008 and updated on January 15, 2013. Click on the image to link
Here one may link to the EEBO-TCP’s transcribed edition of Massacre at Paris written by Christopher Marlowe. The text has been generated from the microfilm facsimile versions of the play available through the Early English Books Online database that was printed by Widow Orwin for
Here one may link to Early Modern English Drama’s (Folger Shakespeare Library) edited edition of the 1590 Tamburlaine the Great, 1 written by Christopher Marlowe. This edition features original and modernized spelling versions as downloadable PDFs or XML. This text, originally printed by Richard Jones, has
Here one may link to the Internet Archive edition of Edward the Second. This edition was released in 1622. The website contains pictures of the original copy that can be flipped through. Copies are located in the Boston Public Library, and
This edition of The tragical history of Doctor Faustus is a facsimile of Israel Gollancz’s edition. It was published in 1897 by J.M. Dent. It attempts to blend the two versions of the quartos of 1604 and 1616. Return to Doctor Faustus
This is a modernized A text edition, transcribed by Risa Stephanie Bear in 2007. This edition is a representation of how the play was acted by the Earl of Nottingham’s servants. The original was printed by Valentine Simmes for Thomas Bushell in
This version edited by Reverend Alexander Dyce and published on November 3, 2009. It is an example of the A text, and was produced by Gary Young and David Widger. Dyce was a Scottish dramatic editor and literary historian who
The bar fight was really a bar fight. One theory that explains Christopher Marlowe’s death is the bar fight theory. This theory says that Marlowe was killed on May 30th 1593 at the age of 29. He had spent the
Marlovian Theory “Marlovians” are those who believe that Christopher Marlowe faked his own death. They argue that Marlowe needed a way to escape going to trial for being an atheist, or a double agent, or some other reason and therefore
Political Conspiracy Theories Some say Marlowe was killed because he refused to testify against Sir Walter Raleigh. Crown agents wanted to convict Raleigh for being an atheist. Ingram Frizer and Robert Poley may have been asked to persuade Marlowe to
One of the most popular theories surrounding Marlowe’s life is that he was employed as a spy under the supervision of Sir Francis Walsingham. Although Marlowe was employed by Sir Francis Walsingham in some way and had connections with many
The night of Marlowe’s death Marlowe was accompanied by three men: Ingram Frizer, Nicholas Skeres and Robert Poley. All men, including Marlowe himself, were working under a man by the name of Sir Francis Walsingham (Biography.com). Simple research states that
One of the most common conspiracy theories surrounding Christopher Marlowe’s life is whether he and William Shakespeare were the same person. Many believe that Marlowe had faked his death and continued to write under the alias “William Shakespeare.” Some believe
Conspiracy Theories about how Marlowe died Return to Conspiracy Theories Return Home
Kit Marlowe: Disproving Conspiracy Theories Welcome to our Anti-Conspiracy Page! We have compiled primary sources and scholarly journals to counter common conspiracy theories around the life of Christopher Marlowe. We will demonstrate how Christopher Marlowe and William Shakespeare were two
This tool allows one to search the Early English Books Online (EEBO) database for key words using both fuzzy searches and regular expressions.
This PDF is an excellent resource for learning about and experimenting with regular expression (aka “RegEx”) syntax queries. EEBO: Early English Books Online You’ll find a link to EEBO in the Databases section of the Library website. This resource is
This resource offers digitized images from works in the Thomas Pennant Barton collection, not limited to Shakespeare, but including his contemporaries.
This downloadable app facilitates corpus and concordance analyses.
Hyde, Patricia. “Carey, Sir George (1547-1603).” The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558-1603, historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1558-1603/member/carey-sir-george-1547-1603. Accessed 13 February 2017.
Alwes, Derek B. “‘I would faine serve’: John Lyly’s Career at Court.” Comparative Drama, vol. 34, no. 4, 2000, pp. 399-421. Project Muse, muse.jhu.edu/article/417608/pdf. Accessed 8 February 2018.
BBC Editor. “Christopher Marlowe Credited as Shakespeare’s Co-writer.” BBC News, 24 Oct. 2016, www.bbc.com/news/entertainment-arts-37750558. Accessed 13 Feb. 2018.
Norton Anthology. “The Magician, the Heretic, and the Playwright.” The Norton Anthology of English Literature, 2010, www.wwnorton.com/college/english/nael/16century/topic_1/welcome.htm. Accessed 13 February 2018.
“Welcome to The Marlowe Society.” The Marlowe Society, 2002, www.marlowe-society.org. Accessed 12 Oct. 2017.
Wernham, Richard Bruce. Christopher Marlowe at Flushing in 1592, The English Historical Review,Volume 91, Issue 359, 1 April 1976, Pages 344–345, doi.org/10.1093/ehr/XCI.CCCLIX.344. Accessed 12 Oct. 2017.
Smith, Nicole. “Atheism in ‘Doctor Faustus’ by Christopher Marlowe.” Article Myriad, 6 Dec. 2011, www.articlemyriad.com/atheism-doctor-faustus-marlowe/. Accessed 26 Oct. 2017.
Potter, Lois. The Life of William Shakespeare: A Critical Biography. Wiley-Blackwell Critical Biographies, vol. 11, 2012, pp. 68–70.
Hoysman, Hoyt, “Anonymous and the Marlowe Conspiracy.” Huffington Post. Cultural Weekly, 27, Oct, 2011. www.huffingtonpost.com/hoyt-hilsman/anonymous-shakespeare-_b_1035489.html. Accessed 13 February 2018.
Hersher, Rebecca. “Christopher Marlowe Officially Credited As Co-Author Of 3 Shakespeare Plays.” National Public Radio, 24, Oct, 2016, www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/10/24/499144368/christopher-marlowe-officially-credited-as-co-author-of-3-shakespeare-plays. Accessed 13 February 2018.
Briscoe, Alexandra. “Elizabeth’s Spy Network,” BBC News, 2014, www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/tudors/spying_01.shtml. Accessed 26 Oct. 2017.
Barber, Ros. “Did Christopher Marlowe Fake His Death?” Huffington Post, 6 Apr. 2014, www.huffingtonpost.com/ros-barber/did-christopher-marlowe-f_b_4723165.html. Accessed 13 February 2018. Barber, Ros. “Shakespeare Authorship Doubt in 1593.” Critical Survey, vol. 21, no. 2, 2009, pp. 83–110, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/41556314. Accessed 13 February 2018.
Dido, Queen of Carthage Marlowe, Christopher and Thomas Nashe. The Tragedie of Dido Queene of Carthage. Edited by Meaghan Brown, Michael Poston, and Elizabeth Williamson, Folger Shakespeare Library, A Digital Anthology of Early Modern English Drama, emed.folger.edu/dido. Accessed 13 February 2018. Marlowe, Christopher and Thomas Nashe. The Tragedie of Dido Queene of Carthage. Folger Shakespeare Library, LUNA: Folger Digital Image
Nicholl, Charles. The Reckoning: The Murder of Christopher Marlowe. Vintage, 2002.
Wraight, A.D. Shakespeare: New Evidence. Adam Hart Publishers, 2008, Google Books, books.google.com/books/about/Shakespeare.html?id=I6hlAAAAMAAJ. Accessed 8 February 2018.
Trevilian, Thomas. “Trevelyon Miscellany of 1608.” Luna, Folger Digital Image Collection, MS. v.b.232. luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/detail/FOLGERCM1~6~6~7704~100724:Trevelyon-Miscellany-of-1608?qvq=w4s:/where%2FV.b.232;q:Trevelyon%2BMiscellany%2Bof%2B1608&mi=543&trs=595. Accessed 09 October 2017.
O’Connor, Kate. “Who Killed Christopher Marlowe (and Why)?” Great Writer’s Inspire, writersinspire.org/content/who-killed-christopher-marlowe-why. Accessed 13 February 2018.
Rubbo, Michael. “Marlowe: What (Little) We Know.” PBS, FRONTLINE, pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/muchado/fine/bios.html. Accessed 8 February 2018.
Foster, Brett. “Reviewed Work: A Christopher Marlowe Chronology by Lisa Hopkins.” The Sixteenth Century Journal, vol. 39, no. 4, 2008, pp. 1198–1199. jstor.org/stable/20479198. Accessed 8 February 2018.
Downie, J.A. “Marlowe, May 1593, and the ‘Must-Have’ Theory of Biography.” The Review of English Studies, vol. 58, no. 235, 2007, pp. 245–267. JSTOR, jstor.org/stable/4501597. Accessed 14 November 2017.
Jack, Alex. “Literary Similarities Between Marlowe and Shakespeare.” The Marlowe Studies, 2009, themarlowestudies.org/literarysimilarities.html. Accessed 11 October 2017.
Flynn, Derek. “Christopher Marlowe: the Elizabethan James Bond.” Irish Times, 2016, www.irishtimes.com/culture/books/christopher-marlowe-the-elizabethan-james-bond-1.2674323. Accessed 8 February 2018.
“Christopher Marlowe.” Encyclopedia of World Biography: Biography in Context. Gale, 1998, libraries.state.ma.us/login?gwurl=http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/K1631004304/BIC1?u=mlin_s_stonecol&xid=0557b0c3. Accessed 13 Feb. 2018.
History.com Staff. History.com. 2009. A+E Networks. www.history.com/this-day-in-history/christopher-marlowe-killed-in-tavern-brawl. Accessed 13 February 2018.
Dugdale, John. “How close were Marlowe and Shakespeare?” The Guardian, 2016, www.theguardian.com/books/booksblog/2016/oct/28/brush-up-marlowe. Accessed 12 September 2017.
Vlasich, Brooke. “The Controversy of Shakespeare and Marlowe.” Utah Shakespeare Festival. 2017.bard.org/news/the-controversy-of-shakespeare-and-marlowe. Accessed 12 Oct. 2017.
Conradt, Stacey. “The Mysterious Death of Christopher Marlowe.” Mental Floss, 2016, mentalfloss.com/article/80556/mysterious-death-christopher-marlowe. Accessed 11 October 2017.
Honan, Park. “Who Killed Christopher Marlowe?” The Telegraph, 21 Oct 2005, www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/3647398/Who-killed-Christopher-Marlowe.html. Accessed 11 October 2017.
York, Erin. “Marlovian Theory, Venus and Adonis, and the Shakespeare Authorship Question.” Lucerna, vol.1, no. 1, 2011, pp. 123-131. Accessed 14 September 2017.
Garrett, George. “Who Killed Christopher Marlowe?” New York Times, 16 September 1990. nytimes.com/1990/09/16/books/who-killed-christopher-marlowe.html?pagewanted=all. Accessed 14 September 2017.
Licence, Amy. “Christopher Marlowe’s Family and the Birth of Modern English Midwifery in Elizabethan Canterbury.” 2013, authorherstorianparent.blogspot.com/2013/06/christopher-marlowes-family-and-birth.html. Accessed 13 February 2018.
William Bradley (c. 1563-1589) was the son of William Bradley, Sr. and was raised on the corner of High Holborn and Gray’s Inn Lane. Bradley was frequently in trouble; his most famous fight involved Christopher Marlowe and Thomas Watson on
Thomas Drury (1551-1603), a government informant, accused Marlowe of atheism. Thomas Drury worked for Sir Nicholas Bacon as a government informant and messenger. Drury attended Caius College, but didn’t earn a degree. He was arrested in 1585 for no documented
Sir Walter Raleigh (1552/1554-1618), was a captivating soldier, scholar, poet, musician, courtier, explorer, colonizer, Captain of the Queen’s Guard, member of Parliament, business man, and prisoner of the Elizabethan and Stuart eras. Raleigh volunteered in the Huguenot army in France
Sir Thomas Walsingham (1561-1630), an important landowner and literary patron. Ingram Frizer was employed by Walsingham, at Scadbury Manor before he killed Christopher Marlowe. Walsingham may have allowed Marlowe to live at one of the many houses he inherited. Marlowe
Samuel Daniel (1562-1619) was an English poet, historian, and playwright. Daniel’s known associates included William Shakespeare, Edmund Spenser, and Sir Walter Raleigh. Born in 1562, he studied at Oxford University. He left after three years to study poetry and philosophy,
Thomas Nashe (1567-1600/1), was a satirical Elizabethan writer of poetry, pamphlets, and dramatic works. At fourteen, Nashe joined St. John’s College of Cambridge University, and received his BA. Nashe was associated with Christopher Marlowe, Robert Greene, and Thomas Watson. In 1589, he
Richard Topcliffe served Queen Elizabeth as an interrogator in 1557 at the Tower of London and Bridewell Prison (Bindoff). Bridewell is presumed to be where Topcliffe interrogated Thomas Kyd. He was considered a merciless judiciary. It is stated that “no blot is
Thomas Watson (1555/1557-1592), an English poet and author of The Hekatompathia, or Passionate Century of Love. Watson and Christopher Marlowe were arrested and incarcerated at Newgate Prison for the murder of William Bradley. Marlowe was released after two weeks, while
Despite scarce information surrounding Richard Baines’ early life, he graduated from Cambridge University in 1576 and became an Elizabethan intelligencer. Given his profession, he most likely frequented the Tower of London and reported to Sir Francis Walsingham. Starting in 1579,
Robert Greene (1558-1592) was a popular English pamphleteer and dramatist. He was baptized in Norwich on July 11th, 1558. Greene matriculated as a sizar at St. John’s, Cambridge where he received his BA. Later, he received his MA at Clare
Philip Henslowe was the owner of a few prominent playhouses and a financial keeper for some of the best acting companies in England. He was born in 1550 in Linfield, Sussex, and died on January 6, 1616 in London. Henslowe
John Lyly (c. 1553/1554 – 1606), an Elizabethan prose writer, dramatist, playwright, poet, courtier. Lyly attended King’s School in Canterbury, and Magdalen College at Oxford, earning his BA and MA. The first play he ever published was the prose romance,
Thomas Harriot (1560-1621) was an English scientist who made terrific advances in various branches of mathematics such as astronomy and navigation. He studied at Cambridge and is reputed to be the first person to look at an astronomical body through
Nicholas Skeres (March 1563 – c.1601), a con-man and government informant. Skeres worked as a servant for Thomas Walsingham. He was a government provocateur and a part of discovering the Babington Plot, working as a spy with Francis Walsingham. Skeres
Ingram Frizer (1561-1627) is known for the murder of Christopher Marlowe, in an act done by the English Secret Service. Ingram Frizer was supposedly born in Kingsclere, Hampshire. Before Marlowe’s death, he was known as a dishonest businessman in real
Francis Walsingham (1532-1590), Queen Elizabeth I’s principal secretary and spymaster. He attended King’s College in Cambridge and continued his studies in France and Italy. As a Member of Parliament for Lyme Regis, Walsingham worked with William Cecil, Lord Burghley and
George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon (1547- Sept. 9, 1602) was the second cousin of Queen Elizabeth I, Lord Chamberlain of the Royal Household, and a patron of the Lord Chamberlain’s Men for Shakespeare. George Carey was the oldest son of
Edward “Ned” Alleyn (1566-1626) was an early modern London actor and founder of Dulwich College. He was known for his physical size and ability to handle commanding parts. Born in 1566, he was characterized as a “bred a Stage-player” and
Anthony Babington (1561-1586) was an English conspirator famous for being the leader of a plot to murder Queen Elizabeth, known afterwards as “The Babington Plot.” He was born October of 1561 and secretly raised a Roman Catholic. He went on
Kuriyama, Constance Brown. Christopher Marlowe: A Renaissance life. Cornell UP, 2002. Kuriyama, Constance Brown. “Second Selves: Marlowe’s Cambridge and London Friendships.” Medieval & Renaissance Drama in England, vol. 14, 2001, pp. 86-104. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/24322989. Accessed 13 February 2018.
McNeir, Waldo F. “Robert Greene and John of Bordeaux.” PMLA. vol. 64, no. 4, 1949. pp. 781- 801. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/459632?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents. Accessed 14 November 2017.
Bennett, Kristen Abbott, ‘Negotiating Authority through Conversation: Thomas Nashe and Richard Jones’ in Kristen Abbott Bennett (ed.), Conversational Exchanges in Early Modern England (1549-1640) (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars, 2015), pp. 102-131. 28 Sept. 2017.
“Thomas Nashe’s Pierce Penniless.” Baylor University Theatre Arts, n.d. www.baylor.edu/theatre/index.php?id=89737. Accessed 08 Feb. 2017.
“Thomas Nashe.” NNDB. Soylent Communications, 2014. www.nndb.com/people/151/000095863/. Accessed 08 Feb. 2017.
Richards, Jennifer. The Thomas Nashe Project. Newcastle University, n.d. research.ncl.ac.uk/thethomasnasheproject/thomasnashe/. Accessed 08 Feb. 2017.
Thomas Nashe. The Oxford Authorship Site. Oxford Authorship Site, n.d. www.oxford- shakespeare.com/nashe.html. Accessed 08 Feb. 2017.
Nicholl, Charles. A Cup of News: The Life of Thomas Nashe. Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1984.
“The Mysterious Connection Between Thomas Nashe, Thomas Dekker, and T.M.: An English Renaissance Deception?” The Marlowe Shakespeare Connection, 2008. marlowe-shakespeare.blogspot.com/2012/11/the-mysterious-connection-between.html. Accessed 08 Feb. 2017.
Lamb, R. “Thomas Nashe Nash Elizabethan Writer: Biography,” 2015, www.members.tripod.com/sicttasd/. Accessed 08 Feb. 2017.
McNeal, Thomas H. “The Literary Origins of Robert Greene.” The Shakespeare Association Bulletin. vol. 14 no. 3, 1939, pp. 176-81.
Honan, Park. Christopher Marlowe: Poet & Spy. Oxford UP, 2005
Ireland, Gordon. “Ingram Frizer Laid More Low than Marlowe.” The Shakespeare Association Bulletin, vol. 5, no. 4, 1930, pp. 192–195, jstor.org/stable/23676147. Accessed 13 February 2017.
Freeman, Arthur. “The Deptford Killer.” Times Literary Supplement, 1993, stonehill.illiad.oclc.org/illiad/illiad.dll?Action%3D10&Form%3D75&Value%3D59623. Accessed 8 February 2018.
Cowie, L.W. “Kings in the Tower of London.” History Today, vol. 28, no. 9, Sept. 1978, pp. 589, historytoday.com/lw-cowie/kings-tower-london. Accessed 28 September 2017.
Walsh, Andrew. “Richard Topcliffe – ‘The Cruellest Tyrant of All England.’” Tudor Stuff: Tudor History from the Heart of England, 2012, tudorstuff.wordpress.com/2009/08/25/richard-topcliffe-the-cruellest-tyrant-of-all-england/.
Van Helden, Albert. “Thomas Harriot (1560-1621).” The Galileo Project, galileo.rice.edu/sci/harriot.html. Accessed 9 Feb. 2017.
Honigmann, A.J. “Tiger Shakespeare and Gentle Shakespeare.” The Modern Language Review, vol. 107, no. 3, 2012, pp. 699711. JSTOR, doi: 10.5699/modelangrevi.107.3.0699. Accessed 13 February 2018.
“Marlowe: What (Little) We Know.” Public Brodcasting System, www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/muchado/fine/bios.html. Accessed 28 Sept. 2017.
Teramura, Misha. “Richard Topcliffe’s Informant: New Light on The Isle of Dogs.” OUP, vol. 68 no. 283, 2016 pp. 44-59. doi.org/10.1093/res/hgw13
Murray, Peter B. “Thomas Kyd: Twayne’s English Authors Series,” 1969, Twayne Publishing Series, vol. 88, 1969.
Jokinen, Anniina. “The Life of Thomas Nashe.” Luminarium, 2 April 2009, luminarium.org/renlit/nashebio.htm. Accessed 8 February 2017. Jokinen, Anniina. “Christopher Marlowe.” Luminarium, 5 June 2010, luminarium.org/renlit/marlowebio.htm. Accessed 12 Oct0ber 2017. Jokinen, Anniina. “The Life of Samuel Daniel.” Luminarium, 11 August 1996, luminarium.org/renlit/sambio.htm Accessed 28
Korda, Natasha. “Household Property/Stage Property: Henslowe as Pawnbroker.” Theatre Journal, vol. 48, no. 2, 1996, JSTOR, 0-www.jstor.org.library.stonehill.edu/stable/3208866. Accessed 13 February 2018.
Curtis, Mary Dill & R.E. “Puck”. “Fencing History and Tales.” Destreza Translation and Research Project, destreza.us/history/duels/marlowe.html. Accessed 28 September 2017.
Braunmuller, A.R. and, Hattaway, Michael. The Cambridge Companion to English Renaissance Drama. CUP, 2003, www.thefreelibrary.com/A.+R.+Braunmuller+and+Michael+Hattaway%2c+eds.+The+Cambridge+Companion…-a0120349383. Accessed 13 February 2018.
Hutson, Lorna. “Thomas Nashe in Context.” OUP, 1989.
Gurr, Andrew. “Bears and players: Philip Henslowe’s double acts.” Shakespeare Bulletin, vol. 22, no. 4 (2004) pp. 31. Academic OneFile. go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA130566922&sid=googleScholar&v=2.1&it=r&linkaccess=fulltext&issn=07482558&p=AONE&sw=w&authCount=1&u=mlin_s_abingpl&selfRedirect=true. Accessed 13 February.
Younger, Neil. “Robert Peake (c1551—1619) and the Babington Plot.” The British Art Journal, vol. 14, no. 2, 2013, pp. 65–67, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/43492091. Accessed 14 Feb. 2017.
“Marlowe’s Lives.” Michigan Quarterly Review, hdl.handle.net/2027/spo.act2080.0042.306. Accessed 28 September 2017.
“The Bradley Affray.” The Marlowe Studies, themarlowestudies.org/wraight_bradley_duel.html. Accessed 28 September 2017.
Wright, Gillian. “The Politics Of Revision In Samuel Daniel’s ‘The Civil Wars’.” English Literary Renaissance vol. 38, no.3, 2008, pp. 461-483, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/24463766. Accessed 8 February 2018.
Merriam, Thomas. “Unremarked Evidence against Anderegg’s Conjecture.” OUP, vol. 60, no. 3, 2013, pp. 407-410, doi.org/10.1093/notesj/gjt134. Accessed 21, November, 2017.
Wilson, Richard. “Visible Bullets: Tamburlaine the Great and Ivan the Terrible.” ELH, vol. 62, no. 1, 1995, pp. 47–68, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/30030260. Accessed 8 Feb. 2018.
“Richard Topcliffe: The Queen’s Torturer.” Mathew Lyons WordPress N.p., 12 Nov. 2012. mathewlyons.wordpress.com/2012/06/25/richard-topcliffe-the-queens-torturer/.
Cheney, Patrick. The Cambridge Companion to Christopher Marlowe. Cambridge University Press, 2004, doi.org/10.1017/CCOL0521820340. Accessed 21 November 2017.
“I Have Heard of Your Paintings Too’. (Hamlet III, i, 148).” The Review of English Studies, vol. 5, no. 19, 1929, pp. 312–317, www.jstor.org/stable/507732. Accessed 28 September 2017.
Bromberg, Murray. “The Reputation of Philip Henslowe.” Shakespeare Quarterly, vol. 1, no. 3, 1950, pp. 135–139, www.jstor.org/stable/2866420. Accessed 30 January 2017.
Hutchinson, Robert. “Elizabeth’s Spymaster.” Thomas Dunne Books, books.google.com/books?id=LHcOBAAAQBAJ&pg=PT88&lpg=PT88&dq=veteran+in+evil+topcliffe. Accessed 13 February 2018.
Seaton, Ethel. “Marlowe, Robert Poley, and the Tippings.” The Review of English Studies, vol. 5, no. 19, 1929, pp. 273–287, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/507726. Accessed 14 Feb. 2017.
Briley, John. “Edward Alleyn and Henslowe’s Will.” Shakespeare Quarterly, vol. 9, no. 3, 1958, pp. 321–330, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/2867333. Accessed 30 Jan. 2017.
Tucker, Kenneth. “Dead Men in Deptford: Recent Lives and Deaths of Christopher Marlowe,” Research Opportunities in Renaissance Drama, vol. 34, 1995, pp. 111-124. Accessed 5 Oct. 2017.
Seronsy, Cecil. “Samuel Daniel,” New York, Twayne, 1967.
Seaton, Ethel. “Robert Poley’s Ciphers.” Oxford University Press, vol. 7, no. 26, 1931, pp. 137-150, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/508499. Accessed 5 Oct. 2017.
Trow, M.J. “Who killed Kit Marlowe?: A Contract to Murder in Elizabethan England.” The History Press, 2002.
Mateer, David. “Edward Alleyn, Richard Perkins and the Rivalry between the Swan and the Rose Playhouses.” OUP, vol. 60, no. 243, 2009, pp. 61-77, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/40267511. Accessed 28 November 2017.
Shirley, John W. “Sir Walter Raleigh’s Guiana Finances.” Huntington Library Quarterly, vol. 13, no. 1, 1949, pp. 55–69, jstor.org/stable/3816388. Accessed 7 Feb. 2017.
Powell, William S. “John Pory on the Death of Sir Walter Raleigh.” The William and Mary Quarterly, vol. 9, no. 4, 1952, pp. 532-538, JSTOR, jstor.org/stable/1923757. Accessed 8 Feb. 2018.
Bindoff, S.T. “Topcliffe, Richard (1531-1604), of Somerby, Lincs. and Westminster.” History of Parliament Online, Crown Publishing Group, 2016, www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1558-1603/member/topcliffe-richard-1531-1604. Accessed October 5, 2017.
Knutson, Roslyn. “Marlowe, Company Ownership, and the Role of Edward II.” Medieval and Renaissance Drama in England: An Annual Gathering of Research, Criticism and Reviews, vol. 18, 2005, EBSCOhost, 0-search.ebscohost.com.library.stonehill.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mzh&AN=2007580997&site=ehost-live. Accessed 13 February 2018.
Moore, Cecelia. “Sir Walter Raleigh, the “most Representative Man of His Time”: Frederick Henry Koch’s Raleigh Pageant of 1920.” 93.3 (2016): 279-305, www.search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=118116502&site=ehost-live. Accessed 3 Feb. 2017.
Furdell, Elizabeth. “The Death of Christopher Marlowe.” Sixteenth Century Journal: Journal of Early Modern Studies, vol. 27, no. 2, 1996, pp. 477-482, jstor.org/stable/2544145. Acessed 8 February 2018.
Hoyt, William D. “The Catholic Historical Review.” The Catholic Historical Review, vol. 46, no. 2, 1960, pp. 218–219, jstor.org/stable/i25016672. Accessed 13 February 2018.
Gosse, Edmund. “Sir Walter Raleigh.” The Geographical Journal. vol. 21, no. 6, 1903, pp. 602–605, jstor.org/stable/1775649. Accessed 7 Feb. 2017.
Betten, Francis S. “The Tudor Queens: A Comparison.” The Catholic Historical Review, vol. 17, no. 2, 1931, pp. 187-93, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/25012878?ref=search-gateway:427b6a52908d93b7579b159faf0440ef. Accessed 13 February 2018.
“‘To Seek New Worlds, For Gold, For Praise, For Glory’: El Dorado And Empire In Sixteenth-Century Guiana.” Latin Americanist, 58.89-104, Academic Search Complete, www.web.a.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail?sid=3cdeb86a-b601-4ed5-b5ec-47e15545102a%40sessionmgr4006&vid=0&hid=4206&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#AN=95615780&db=a9h. Accessed 7 Feb. 2017.
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Richard Cholmeley (1460-1521) , an English soldier and farmer, served as the Lieutenant of the Tower of London under the reign of King Henry VIII. Born in Chorley, England into a wealthy family of sheep farmers and landowners, he later moved to East Yorkshire. In 1497 He was knitted soldier and served in the
William Bradley William Bradley (cerca 1563-1589) was well known for being a thug who had several vicious encounters. William Bradley spent most of his time in London around Hog Lane, which was also the place of his death. Bradley’s father’s name was William Bradley Sr, and raised Bradley on the
Thomas Harriot Part 1: Thomas Harriot (1560-1621) was an English scientist who had made advances in various branches of mathematics such as astronomy and navigation. Part 2: Thomas Harriot was a noteworthy English scientist who many had regarded as the
Samuel Daniel Samuel Daniel (1562-1619) was an English poet, historian, and playwright. Daniel‘s known associates were Shakespeare, Edmund Spenser, and Walter Raleigh. Born in 1562, he studied at Oxford University, leaving after three years to study poetry and philosophy, and became a servant of the English ambassador of France. The Countess of Pembroke, Mary Sidney, first taught him
Robert Poley (Pooley) Robert Poley spied for the Elizabethan government, carried messages, and played a key role in the Babington Plot. Robert Poley worked as a messenger and spy for the British Government, under the employ of Sir Robert Cecil and Sir Francis Walsingham. He was present for
John Lyly (c. 1553/1554 Kent, England – November 1606 London, England) was an Elizabethan prose writer, dramatist, playwright, poet, and politician for Queen Elizabeth’s court. John Lyly was an Elizabethan prose writer, dramatist, playwright, poet, and politician for Queen Elizabeth’s
William Shakespeare (1564-1616) Although not a ‘Londoner,’ Shakespeare spent most of his adult life there, writing, performing plays, and socializing in the same literary circle as Christopher Marlowe and other University Wits. After Shakespeare left Stratford Avon to pursue
Author: Mesiti, Matthew Editor: O’Brien, Sinead Index Name: Ralegh, Sir Walter Sir Walter Ralegh, Raleigh, Rawleigh, or Rawley, either born in 1552, or 1554, was a captivating soldier, scholar, poet, musician, courtier, explorer, colonizer, Captain of the Queen’s Guard,
Nicholas Skeres Nicholas Skeres (March 1563 – c.1601), was a con-man and government informant. Nicholas Skeres came from a wealthy family, as his father was a member of The Guild of Merchant Taylors. He worked as a servant for Thomas Walsingham. He was a government provocateur and a part
Richard Topecliffe Richard Topcliffe (1531-1604) was an interrogator at the Tower of London. Born on November 14, 1531 in Londonshire, Topcliffe lost both his parents by age 12. Later, he was orphaned by his uncle. According to records, Topcliffe served Queen Elizabeth in 1557 at the Tower of London or Bridewell Prison (Bindoff). Bridewell is presumed where Topcliffe interrogated Kit Marlowe’s
Thomas Kyd (1558-1594) was an influential Elizabethan playwright whose most famous plays include The Spanish Tragedy and The Tragedy of Soliman and Perseda. His parents were Anna and Francis Kyd; he was and was baptized at Saint Mary Woolnoth church in London on November 6, 1558. His father was a member of London’s Company of Scriveners. Kyd may have been a scrivener for
Thomas Nashe Thomas Nashe (1567-1601) was a satirical Elizabethan writer of poetry, pamphlets, and dramatic works. Nashe was born to William and Margaret Nashe in Lowestoft, England in November 1567. His father joined the church of West Harling when Nashe was
Edward Alleyn Edward Alleyn (1566-1626) was an actor in early London who founded of Dulwich College. He was known for his physical size and handle of commanding parts. Born in 1566, he was characterized as a “bred a Stage-player” even though that his family was not focused
Francis Walsingham Francis Walsingham (1532-1590) was Queen Elizabeth I’s principal secretary and spymaster. He attended King’s College in Cambridge and continued his studies in France and Italy before returning to study at Gray’s Inn1 in London. As a Member of Parliament for Lyme Regis, Walsingham worked with William Cecil, Lord Burghley and spied on suspicious foreigners in London. Many suspect Christopher Marlowe also worked with Walsingham as an intelligencer. Between
George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon (1547- Sept. 9, 1602) was the second cousin of Queen Elizabeth I, Lord Chamberlain of the Royal Household and a patron of the Lord Chamberlain’s Men for Shakespeare. George Carey was the oldest son of Henry
Sir Thomas Walsingham Sir Thomas Walsingham (1561-1630) was an important landowner, and financed Thomas Watson, Thomas Nash and Christopher Marlowe as their literary patron. Ingram Frizer was employed by Walsingham, at Scadbury Manor, in a business venture that advanced money to needy heirs against their own inheritance, before he killed Christopher Marlowe. Walsingham may have allowed Marlowe live at one of the many houses he
Richard Baines Richard Baines, much like Kit Marlowe, was an Elizabethan intelligencer. Despite scarce information surrounding Baines’ early life, he graduated from Cambridge University in 1576 and became an Elizabethan intelligencer. Based on his known profession, he most likely frequented the
Robert Greene Robert Greene (1558-1592) was a popular English pamphleteer and dramatist. Most famously known for a pamphlet attributed to him, Greene’s Groats-Worth of Wit, which is believed to critique William Shakespeare. Greene was known for his negative critiques of his
Phillip Henslowe Philip Henslowe was the owner of a few prominent playhouses and a financial keeper for some of the best acting companies in England. He was born in 1550 in Linfield, Sussex, England and died on January 6, 1616 in London. Henslowe was also well known
Thomas Watson Thomas Watson was an English poet and author of Hekatompathia, a collection of sonnets published in 1582. Many scholars, including Ibrahim Alhiyari, believe he was born between 1555 and 1557 and died on September 26th, 1592. Watson and his friend Christopher Marlowe were
Ingram Frizer Ingram Frizer (1561-1627) is known for the murder of Christopher Marlowe, in an act done by the English Secret Service. Ingram Frizer was supposedly born in Kingsclere, Hampshire. Before Marlowe’s death, he was known as a
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